The regiment started out as the 59th Regiment of Foot raised in Gloucester in 1755. After the disbandment of the 50th Regiment of Foot and the 51st Regiment of Foot in 1756, it became the 57th Regiment of Foot. In 1782, it was given a county connection, becoming the “57th (the West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot”.
The 57th Regiment earned their nickname of “the Die Hards” after their participation in the Battle of Albuera, one of the bloodiest battles of the Peninsular War, fought on 16 May 1811